Historical Places

A Sikh temple or shrine is called a Gurudwara, that is, the House of God, the House of the Guru, where the Guru dwells. Its most essential element is the presence of the Guru.

Nankana Sahib

One of the holiest Sikh sites across the border, Nankana Sahib is a city steeped in Guru Nanak’s past. It houses the Gurudwara Janam Asthan, where Guru Nanak is believed to have been born. 

Indians travel through here extensively via a popular pilgrimage route in Pakistan, visiting nine revered gurudwaras in the city that represented decisive moments in Guru Nanak’s life.

Fateh Burj 

Chappar Chiri, near Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar (Mohali), Punjab.

At 328 feet, this ‘victory tower’ is the tallest memorial in India, surpassing even the Qutub Minar. The structure was built as a tribute to the victory secured by Banda Singh Bahadur, a legendary Sikh warrior, against Mughal commander Wazir Khan at Chappar Chiri in 1710

This minar stands in the middle of the actual battlefield, and was built on its 300th anniversary. Three victories against the Mughal army are depicted on its levels—the Victory of Samana at 67 feet, the Victory of Sadhaura at 117 feet, and the Victory of Chappar Chiri at 220 feet. The tower is accompanied by dynamic statues of Banda Singh’s generals—and the man himself—overlooking 20 acres of open lawns. A commanding snapshot of history! 

Virasat-e-Khalsa Museum

Anandpur Sahib, near Rupnagar, Punjab. 

You might be learning about the past, but this museum is definitely future-forward.

The Virasat-e-Khalsa is an atmospheric and well-maintained archive of Sikh history. With the highest recorded museum footfall in India, the iconic sandstone complex has been built as a destination for pilgrims and knowledge-seekers alike, commemorating 500 years of Sikh history and the 300th anniversary of the creation of the Khalsa.